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Desciption of the topic:
Cultural competences are shaped inter alia through cultural and artistic education and participation in culture. They are constitutive to intellectual capital, which contains human, structural, social and relational capitals.
The discussion planned by the Polish Presidency in the field of culture to be carried out in the Cultural Affairs Committee, with a view to subsequent adoption of Council conclusions, will aim at highlighting the role of cultural competences of individuals and communities when it comes to the building of intellectual capital in Europe. Intellectual capital is decisive for the quality of life of the Europeans as well as for competitiveness and development perspectives of the Union.
Broad definition of cultural competences will be used in the process (as adopted in the EU key competences discourse). Cultural competences allow not only full participation in culture; they also shape ability to approach the world in an open, creative, tolerant critical and reflective way. Cultural competences defined in that way aid social capital (at all levels: individual, social group, community), which in turn is closely linked to such issues as the quality of social relations, communication mechanisms, inclination to cooperate, civic activity, social trust. (Inter-)cultural competences strengthen relational capital as well. Cultural competences are linked to open attitudes in the meaning of curiosity towards the world, thus also to the propensity to learn and discover, as well as ability to effectively function in the employment – all this is crucial to the human capital. Entrepreneurship is also a major competence with strong cultural background. Enhancement of these attitudes thus constitutes contribution of culture to the intellectual capital of Europe.
One of the platforms, through which cultural competences also strengthen intellectual capital, is social innovations. This mechanism will also be showed during the works.
References to support for experimentation, freedom of creation, creativity and active participation are also planned. Wide cultural competences, understanding of social and cultural phenomena is developed through participation in culture and cultural and artistic education, both formal, as well as non- and in-formal. A condition of success is cooperation of various entities, such as artists, cultural institutions, schools, higher education institutions and non-governmental organizations.
One of the aims of this debate will be raising awareness when it comes to possibilities and needs for financing of cultural projects with the use of the European Social Fund, designed to support creation of workplaces and training. This is because the cultural competences of societies are one of foundations of the intellectual capital which influences indirectly competitiveness of Europe.
Description of the topic:
Spanish, Belgian (2010) and Hungarian (2011) Presidencies worked intensively on the draft decision of the European Parliament and the Council on establishing the European action regarding the European Heritage Label. Formal closure of the adoption process is expected in the early Autumn of 2011.
The Council decision, prepared by the Cultural Affairs Committee will constitute the legal basis for the nomination by the Council of four members of the European experts’ panel.